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Water Features & Fountains

Water fountains add a pleasant touch to indoor or outdoor settings. Simple desktop water fountains, wall fountains indoor self-standing fountains and outdoor garden feature water fountains each offer a different mood and appeal.

The fountain can be a stand-alone display item or a part of a major water feature as a pond fountain, even with live fish and plants. The options are endless.

Indoor Fountains

An indoor water fountain has three major components - a pump, a water reservoir and the waterfall surface. Extra caution must be taken to ensure that the electric pump and wires are properly protected to avoid shock or fire. Use pumps designed for the intended use and follow the manufacturer's instructions for installation and maintenance.

Wall fountains and other indoor fountain configurations will create areas of condensation near the fountain. Check that moisture is not collecting in areas that will cause damage to furniture, walls or flooring materials. For fountains which do not contain live plants or fish, use appropriate amounts of algaecide to keep the water from building up an algae growth.

Outdoor Fountains

Outdoor fountains can be a simple bowl on a stand to elaborate multi-tiered and cascading levels of reservoirs. Larger the fountains require extra splash area around the fountain to allow for excess wind in all directions.

First decide whether the fountain will be decorative only or if it will be part of a plant and/or fish habitat. If the fountain will be decorative only, plan for the use of algaecide to keep the water fresh and free from algae. Some algaecides can leave a residue when dried so check that it will not stain the splash area.

Fountains with plants and fish should be less aggressive in the flow and splash. Always read the algaecide labels as most cannot be used in fountains that contain live plants or fish. Always construct pump and filter assemblies for easy access. They tend to take a fair amount of maintenance so make it easy on yourself to get at them. Plan these items to be located opposite the primary viewing direction.

Water Features, Waterfalls & Fish Ponds

Water features add more than beauty to a landscape environment. They add an atmosphere of peaceful tranquility not achieved with other outdoor decoration options. The sound alone is worth the effort and investment to most who love the outdoors.

Water features and ponds should be built above grade to avoid contamination during heavy rains. Waterfalls, ponds and other water features should be designed with a shoulder higher than water would collect during the heaviest of rains in your area.

Water features tend to be exceptionally heavy due to the concrete and stone used in the construction. That's compounded by adding hundreds of gallons of heavy water to the finished product. Be sure to have a solid, steel reinforced foundation to support all this weight. Keep electrical and water lines a safe distance away from the perimeter of the water feature. Local building codes may establish a specific distance.

Remember that most water features become the central focus in an outdoor environment. Plan carefully to blend it in nicely with the rest of your patio, landscaping and sitting areas. Depending on the type of water system you will employ for the pond, consider the impact of chemicals in the pond water mixing into surrounding garden or plant areas. If you add algaecide to the pond water, it is not very healthy for nearby plants.

Lighting can be an impacting factor on the presentation. When lighting your water feature always take extra caution for safety. Under water lighting is also available to enhance the effect.

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